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Functional Imaging from Atoms to Organisms

Organizers Jan Ellenberg (EMBL Heidelberg), Kuniaki Nagayama (OIB, Okazaki), Naoto Ueno (NIBB) Functional Imaging from Atoms to Organisms
Venue Okazaki Conference Center, Okazaki, Japan
Date Apr. 20-22, 2009
Link Symposium Website (http://www.nibb.ac.jp/emblsymp/index.html)

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 第9回目となるNIBB-EMBL合同会議は「原子から生物までの機能イメージング」と題して開催された。同会議は基礎生物学研究所が推進するバイオイメージングに関わる2回目の会議となる。2006年に開催された第1回目は「バイオイメージングの最先端(Frontiers in Bioimaging)」では、急速に発展を見せるバイオイメージングのなかでも光学顕微鏡の進歩や、最先端観察技術による動植物の発生など細胞レベルでの生物学研究への応用、今後の開発課題について中心的に議論したが、本会議では光学顕微鏡ばかりでなく、電子顕微鏡による分子、ウイルスなどよりミクロな生体試料観察にも焦点をあてたより広義のバイオイメージングについて発表や議論がなされた。とくに、蛍光プローブなど生命現象を探索するための分子設計、分子や細胞動態を定量的に捉える手法、多試料を同時に観察し遺伝子の発現阻害などによる細胞の形態的、機能的な異常を画像処理によって効率よく検出するためのハイスループット化技術、定量的解析に基づく、分子や細胞動態のシミュレーションなどについて先端的で秀逸な発表により、参加者は一様に第1回目から本会議までの約3年間のテクノロジーの進歩に圧倒された。バイオイメージングはよりミクロな対象の実体を正確に捉える観察へ、また同時にダイナミックな生物現象の動態を定量的に解析し、数理シミュレーションによって本質を読み解く方向へと進んでいることが見て取れた。


This joint meeting was the second bioimaging-related meeting of the NIBB-EMBL joint meeting series following the first symposium “Frontiers of bioimaging”held in 2006, and aimed to overview the recent advance of bioimaging from the molecular to the organismal level. In contrast to the previous meeting in which light microscopy technologies focusing on cell functions and animal and plant development were discussed, in this meeting many cutting edge technologies of single molecule imaging at high resolutions with electron as well as light microscopy combined with quantitative analyses to capture molecular and cellular dynamics were presented. The talks illustrated the rapid advance of bioimaging during the last three years and outlined the future direction of bioimaging using new methodologies of electron and light microscopy, imagingbased large scale screening, and image processing for quantitative analysis of a diverse range of biological phenomena. Several short oral presentations were selected from posters and four young scholars including graduate students of EMBL participated in the meeting as a part of the student exchange program of the NIBB-EMBL collaboration, both of which further stimulated the meeting and contributed to the success of the symposium.


Comments from the Students

Xavier Heiligenstein (EMBL)

I found the content of the conference really interesting and of a great level. The comments, questions and discussion to me really facilitated going deeper in to each presentation. I got a great and deep overview of what light microscopy can offer us today in complement to electron microscopy and also enjoyed the external activities a lot, such as visiting the NIBB institute, its spectrophotometer and its brand new Light Sheet Microscope. Having the opportunity to give a short talk was also nice and lead to good feed-back during the poster session. Complementing this nice meeting, we had some great interaction with the Post-doc and Students and also greatly enjoyed the side parts of this symposium (a very nice party on Tuesday evening). And what to say about the excursion that lead us to see wonderful landscapes, cultural, and scientific Japanese pride. Again I would like to thank you again for such a nice welcome.


Peter Blattmann (EMBL)

I enjoyed the 9th NIBB-EMBL Symposium on Functional Imaging a lot. For me, it was an invaluable experience to come to Japan and attend this conference. I was amazed by the high standards of all the talks and discussions throughout the conference and profited a lot from them. The program was very well chosen and I think I received a good and interesting overview of the cutting edge research going on in this field. The hospitality with which we were received was outstanding and I felt very welcome at all times. However, for me personally, the greatest experience was to meet the Japanese students, post-docs and the speakers and thus to learn about the Science and technology conducted in Japan. I am very grateful to have received the opportunity to present both my poster and also a short talk at this conference. The following excursion was also very enjoyable and for the first time I experienced Japanese culture and mountains, which I liked very much. I am very glad, that this fruitful collaboration between NIBB and EMBL is continuing and look forward to further opportunities to interact with NIBB members. Thank you again so much for the hospitality and all your efforts!

Apr. 20, Monday
09:00-09:20 Registration
09:20-09:30 Opening Remarks   Kiyotaka Okada (Director-General, NIBB) 
Structural Biology and Functional Imaging
09:30-10:00 Stephen Cusack (EMBL Grenoble)
"Imaging Influenza Virus Polymerase in vitro and in vivo"
10:00-10:30 Michael Sattler (Helmholtz Zentrum München & TU München)
"Molecular Recognition and Dynamics of Protein Complexes in Splicing Regulation"
10:30-10:50 Coffee break
10:50-11:20 Masahide Kikkawa (Kyoto Univ.)
"Structure and Mechanism of Microtubule-Based Motors"
11:20-11:50 Kazuhiro Maeshima (NIG)
"How Is Genome DNA Compacted into a Mitotic Chromosome?"
11:50-12:50 Lunch
Electron Microscopy and Functional Imaging
12:50-13:20 Kuniaki Nagayama (OIB)
"Nano-Bioimaging by Phase Contrast Electron Cro-tomography"
13:20-13:50 Achilleas Frangakis (Univ. Frankfurt)
"The Native Organization of Desmosomes"
13:50-14:20 Thomas Müller-Reichert (Max Planck Institute)
"Correlative Light Microscopy and Electron Tomography of the Early C. elegans Embryo"
14:20-14:40 Coffee break
14:40-15:10 Tokuko Haraguchi (KARC)
"Live CLEM: A New Approach for Observing Molecular Dynamics in High Resolution"
15:10-15:25 Xavier Heiligenstein (EMBL Heidelberg)    *Short talk from posters
“High Resolution Map of the Spindle Pole Body from S. Cerevisiae by Electron Tomography of Frozen Hydrated Sections”
15:25-15:35 Short break
Functional Imaging in Live Cells (I)
15:35-16:05 Junichi Nabekura (NIPS)
"Microglia Surveillance of Synapses: in vivo Observation"
16:05-16:35 Akihiko Nakano (Univ. Tokyo / RIKEN ASI)
"High-Resolution Confocal Imaging to Visualize Dynamic Membrane Trafficking in Living Cells"
16:35-16:50 Amanda Cobos Correa (EMBL Heidelberg)    *Short talk from posters
“New Fluorescent Tools to Image MMP-12 Activity in Lung Inflammation”
16:50-17:05 Nobuyuki Shiina (OIB)    *Short talk from posters
“Visualization of Na+ in Neurons Deficient in RNG105, a Factor Involved in Dendritic Local Translation”
17:05-17:20 Naoshi Hattori (Univ. Tokyo)    *Short talk from posters
“Functional Analysis of Arf GAP Family Proteins by Reconstitution of Split Fluorescent Proteins”
17:30-18:30 Exhibition Viewing (Hamamatsu Photonics, Nikon, Olympus,Yokogawa Electric)
18:30-20:00 Mixer
Apr. 21, Tuesday
Functional Imaging in Live Cells (II)
09:00-09:30 Atsushi Miyawaki (RIKEN BSI / ERATO, JST)
"New Fluorescent Probes and New Perspectives in Bioscience"
09:30-10:00 Carsten Schultz (EMBL Heidelberg)
"Novel Probes to Analyze Cellular Events with Spatial Resolution "
10:00-10:20 Coffee break
Functional Imaging in Whole Animals
10:20-10:50 Ernst H. K. Stelzer (EMBL Heidelberg)
"Light Sheet Based Fluorescence Microscopy in Modern Biology"
10:50-11:20 Norihiro Sadato (NIPS)
"The Neural Basis of Social Reward and Decision-Making"
11:20-11:50 Toshihiko Fujimori (NIBB)
"Analysis of Cell Behaviors in Early Mouse Development"
11:50-12:05 Naoki Hida (Univ. Tokyo)    *Short talk from posters
“Real-Time Imaging of Dual Interaction of Smad Proteins in Xenopus laevis Embryo Using Multicolor Luciferases”
12:05-13:10 Lunch
13:10-13:40 Shigenori Nonaka (NIBB)
"Live Imaging of the Whole Mouse Embryo"
13:40-13:55 Yu Imuta (RIKEN CDB)    *Short talk from posters
“Establishment of Novel Knock-in Mice for Both Live Imaging and Genetic Lineage Tracing”
High-Throughput Imaging
13:55-14:25 Jan Ellenberg (EMBL Heidelberg)
"Phenotypic Profiling of the Human Genome by Time-Lapse Microscopy Reveals Genes with Functions in Cell Division, Survival or Migration"
14:25-14:55 Gohta Goshima (Nagoya Univ.)
"Genome-Wide RNAi Screen Identifies Genes Required for Mitotic Spindle Formation in Animal Cells"
14:55-15:15 Coffee break
15:15-15:45 Philipp J. Keller (EMBL Heidelberg)
"The Virtual Embryo: Automated Reconstruction of Vertebrate Development"
15:45-16:00 Peter Blattmann (EMBL Heidelberg)    *Short talk from posters
“High Content Screening Microscopy Identifies Novel Proteins with a Putative Role in Cholesterol Metabolism and Homeostasis”
16:00-16:15 Annelie Wuensche (EMBL Heidelberg)    *Short talk from posters
“High-Throughput Confocal Time-Lapse Imaging in Living Cells”
16:15-16:25 Short break
Quantitative Image Processing
16:25-16:55 Shuichi Onami (RIKEN ASI)
"Quantitative Cell Division Dynamics Analysis and Prediction of the Mechanism of Development in C. elegans"
16:55-17:25 Takeharu Nagai (Hokkaido Univ.)
"Measurement of Diffusion Coefficient of Biomolecules by Fluorescence Decay After Photostimulation of Photoswichable Fluorescent Proteins in Living Cells"
17:25-17:55 Matthias Weiss (DKFZ)
"Protein Motion in Living Cells - Anomalous Is Normal"
17:55-18:10 Akatsuki Kimura (NIG)    *Short talk from posters
“A Model for Cell-Size-Dependent Spindle Elongation in C. elegansEmbryo”
18:10-18:25 Yuki Tsukada (Nagoya Univ.)    *Short talk from posters
“Edge Evolution Tracking: Morphodynamic Analysis for Time-Lapse Images”
18:30-20:00 Poster Session    List of Poster titles
Apr. 22, Wednesday
New Techniques in Advanced Microscopy
09:00-09:30 George Patterson (NIH)
"High Resolution Imaging of Protein Localization and Dynamics"
09:30-10:00 Hiro-o Hamaguchi (Univ. Tokyo)
"Can Raman Spectroscopy Image Life?"
10:00-10:30 John W. Sedat (UCSF)
"OMX, a New Microscope Platform for Increased Time and Spatial Resolution"
10:30-10:50 Coffee break
10:50-11:05 Satoshi Shimozono (Riken BSI)    *Short talk from posters
“Diffusion of Large Molecules into Assembling Nuclei Revealed Using an Optical Highlighting Technique”
11:05-11:20 Kenta Saito (Hokkaido Univ.)    *Short talk from posters
“A Mercury Arc Lamp-Based Multi-Color Confocal Real Time Imaging System for Cellular Structure and Function”
11:20-12:20 Poidum Discussion: Next Challenges in Functional Imaging Across Biological Scales (All speakers)
12:20-12:30 Closing Remarks   Jan Ellenberg (EMBL Heidelberg)