The NIBB Conferences are international meetings organized by professors and associate professors within NIBB and held with invited speakers from overseas. The NIBB Conference has been held since the opening of the Institute in 1977, and has become well known as a forum of international exchange.
The NIBB International Practical Courses provide hands on training to young scientists under the tutelage of Japanese and overseas professors.
European Molecular Biology Laboratory（EMBL）is a research institute established in 1974 and funded by 18 European states. EMBL consists of over 80 research groups conducting comprehensive, high-level research programs, and leading the world in the various fields of molecular biology. NIBB has exchanged researchers and undertaken collaborative research with EMBL since 2005.
NIBB joined with the Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory (TLL) in an international academic cooperation agreement starting from 16 August 2010. This academic cooperation includes the promotion of joint research activities, hosting of practical courses, and graduate student exchange.
In March 2010 the National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS) entered into an Academic exchange agreement with Princeton University. Researchers from NIBB and Princeton interested in collaborative research have begun building networks for that purpose.
In April of 2009 NIBB entered into an Academic Exchange Agreement for the promotion of plant science research with Germany’s Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research (MPIPZ). The agreement has lead to joint symposia and researcher exchanges.
On the recommendation of the union of Japanese societies of biological science NIBB holds Okazaki Biology Conferences (OBC). The conferences address new problems in the biological sciences and facilitate the development of future areas of research, as well as providing opportunities to create new international networks of scientists.